Indian Mythology (by ApamNapat)

Pandavas' Campaign of Conquest

Mahabharata


This episode from [Maha:2.25-2.31]

The four younger Pandavas decided to embark on a campaign of conquest, to make Kings acknowledge the overlordship of Yudhishtra, so that he could perform the Rajasooya Yagna. Arjuna set out to the north, Bheema left for the east. Sahadeva marched to the south, and Nakula led the armies towards the west.

One of the first Kings to oppose Arjuna was Bhagadatta, the king of Pragjyotisha. After a hard fought battle, he surrendered to Arjuna. Next, the son of Indra made war on the hill tribes and brought them under his control. Next to be conquered was Vrihanta, the King of Uluka. Continuing further north, Arjuna subjugated Modapura, Vamadeva, Sudaman, Susankula and the Norther Ulukas. After conquering many other minor kingdoms, he marched against king Viswgaswa of the Puru race, who was supported by an army of brave mountain warriors. Arjuna was victorious here also. He then defeated the Trigartas, the Daravas, the Kokonadas and various other Kings, and also captured the city of Avisari.

Proceeding towards the Himalayas, Arjuna defeated the Valhikas, the Daradas, the Kambojas, the Lohas. He then fought the Rishikas, who were renowned for the valor. Ultimately, they yielded, and gave him a tribute of many war horses. When he tried to march further north of the Himalayas, certain divine beings appeared before him and asked him to turn back, for the regions beyond were forbidden to men. Arjuna accepted their advice and returned to Indraprastha, having amassed a huge quantity of tribute for Yudhishtra's treasury.

Marching east, Bheema visited the Panchala Kingdom and invited Drupada and his kinsmen to visit the ceremony. He then conquered the tribes known as Gandakas and Videhas. The king of the Dasarnas, named Sudharman, fought Bheema with his bare hands. He was defeated, but impressed by his valor, Bheema appointed him as the commander of his forces. He next made war on the Kingdom of Aswamedha and defeated its king Rochamana. He then turned south and conquered two kings named Sukumara and Sumitra. On the orders of Yudhishtra he invaded the Kingdom of Chedi. However, its King Shishupala did not fight him, but instead agreed to accept the overlordship of Yudhishtra.

Bheema then vanquished King Srenimat of the country of Kumara and Brihadvala, the king of Kosala. He then defeated Kin Dirghayaghna of Ayodhya. The country of Goaplakaksha, the northern Koslas and the Kin of Mallas were also conquered. He then conquered the country of Bhallata. King Subahu of Kashi and King Kratha of Suparsa were defeated. The Kingdoms of Matsya, the powerful Maladas and the country of Pasubhumi also fell under his onslaught. He also conquered Madahara, Mahidara and the Somadheyas. Turning north, he conquered the country of Vatsabhumi, the King of the Bhargas, the King of the Nishadas. The Sarmakas and Varmakas were overcome by strategy. King Janaka of Videha was easily defeated. Bheema then defeated the seven Kings of the Kiratas. The clans of Sbmas and PRashumas were also defeated. Bheema then marched against Magadha. On the way, he subjugated two monarchs named Danda and Dandadhara. He then defeated Sahadeva (the ruler of Magadha, the son of Jarasandha). He then slew the ruler of Madagiri in a fierce combat. After conquering Vasudeva, the king of Pundra, King Mahaujah of Kausika-kachchha, the King of Vanga, King Chandrasena, King Tamralipta, the King of Karvatas, the ruler of Suhmas and the Mlechchha tribes, Bheema returned to Indraprasta and swelled the wealth of Yudhishtra with all the tribute he had accumulated.

Sahadeva, who had marched south, conquered th Surasenas and bought the Kingdom of Matsya under his sway. He then defeated Dantavakra, the King of Adhirajas and many other neighboring kings. [Note: some of the Kingdoms he is said to have conquered are the same as conquered by Bheema. It must be indeed annoying for those Kings to be defeated twice in such close succession!]. He then vanquished King Jambaka and then conquered the Sekas. He then proceeded to the banks of the Narmada and conquered Vinda and Anuvinda, the Kings of Avanti. He then fought a hard battle with King Bhishmaka of Bhojakata, and defeated him. He subjugated the Natakeyas, the Heramvakas, and then conquered the country of Marudha. Sahadeva then defeated the monarchs of the Nachinas and the Arvukas. He then defeated king Vatadhipa, and defeated the clan of Pulindas. He defeated King of Pandrya after a day long battle. Reaching the kingdom of Kishkinda, he fought the monkey-kings Mainda and Dwivida, who ultimately made peace with him.

When he reached the city of Mahishmati, he suffered an unexpected setback. King Nila of this city had obtained Agni for his son-in-law, and the God of fire protected the city. All the clothes and armor of Sahadeva's soldiers caught on fire when they tried to battle King Nila, for Agni personally assisted his father-in-law. Seeing his army in trouble, Sahadeva prayed to the God of fire to spare their lives. He praised Agni by chanting the many sacred names of fire.

Agni was pleased. He then brokered a peace, whereby Sahadeva would not march on Mahishmati, but King Nila would pay tribute to Yudhishtra from then on. Marching ahead, Sahadeva conquered the town of Sanjayanti, the country of the Pashandas, the country of the Karahatakas and brought the Paundrayas and the Dravidas along with the Idrakeralas and the Andhras and the Talavanas. He also conquered the Kalingas and the Ushtrakarnikas and the city of Atavi and that of the Yavanas. He then sent messengers to King Vibheeshana of Lanka to invite him to the Rajasooya. After completing his tour of conquest, Sahadeva returned to Indraprasta.

Nakula, who had set out west, first conquered the mountainous country of Rohitaka and then conquered the desert terrain of Sairishaka. He then conquered King Akrosa, conquered the Dasarnas, the Sivis, the Trigartas, the Amvashtas, the Malavas, the five tribes of the Karnatas. He then conquered more kingdoms on the sea shore and on the banks of the Saraswati. He conquered the country of Uttarayotisha, the city of Divyakutta and the tribe of Dwarapala. He also conquered the Ramathas, the Harahunas, and more kings of the west. He then visited the Yadavas. From there, he traveled to Sakala, the city of the Madras and visited his uncle Salya. He then conquered the tribes of Mlechchas, the tribes of the Pallavas, the Kiratas, the Yavanas and the Sakas. He ended his campaign and returned victorious to Indraprasta.

Prev | Next


Last Modified At: Sun Nov 28 13:31:03 2004