Indian Mythology (by ApamNapat)

Drupada - Father of Dhrishtadhyumna and Draupadi


Drupada was the king of the Panchala kingdom. His father Prishada had sent him to the hermitage of a renowned Brahmana named Agniveshya to learn the scriptures and the art of war. There, Drona, the son of the sage Bharadwaja was his classmate. The two youths became close friends and swore eternal friendship to each other.

Unfortunately, after succeeding to the throne after the death of his father. Drupada became rather vain. Meanwhile, Drona was suffering from extreme poverty and decided to approach his friend for help. When he came to Drupada's court and asked for wealth, reminding the King of their friendship as children, Drupada insulted him, and told him that friendship could only be among equals. Between a King and a poor Brahmana, there could only be charity.

Humiliated, Drona left the court without speaking another word. He brooded over this insult, and later had his revenge through his disciples, the Pandavas. As their education-fee, Drona asked them to defeat and imprison the Panchala King. The Pandavas, led by Arjuna accomplished this task with great ease. When Drupada was brought forth in chains before him, Drona reminded him of his childhood promise and after taunting him for a while, set him free and returned half his wealth to the Panchala.

This humiliation fueled the fire of revenge in Drupada's mind and he performed a great sacrifice, with the help of two famous Brahmanas named Yaja and upa-Yaja. From this sacrifice, he obtained a son, Dhrishtadhyumna, who would slay Drona in battle, and a daughter, Draupadi, who would wed Arjuna. to obtain a son who would kill Drona in combat and for a daughter who would wed Arjuna who had impressed Drupada with his skill with the bow and his valor in the battlefield. The son was Dhrishtadhyumna and the daughter was Draupadi.

Drupada fought in the Kurukshetra war on the side of the Pandavas. He was slain by Drona in this war. Many of his sons fell in this battle, and those that escaped the war were slain by Kripa, Kritavarman, and Ashwatthama during a despicable night time raid on the Pandava camp.


Panchala King of the Panchalas
Yajnasena Performer of many sacrifices

Last Modified At: Mon Mar 21 21:17:14 2005