Indian Mythology (by ApamNapat)

Surya - The Sun


सूर्य

Surya is the sun. (He is also referred to as Vivasvant) and Martanda. Like Chandra he is both a Deva and a Navagraha. According to the PurushaSuktam[R.V.10.90], he was formed from the eyes of Purusha, the primeaval man, who was sacrificed as an offering to himself. He has two wives Sangya (who is the daughter of Vishwakarma) and Chaaya Devi. He has many children, the most famous of whom is Shani (saturn), who is also one of the Navagrahas. Some sources also say that Yama is a son of Surya.

Among the planets, his enemies are Rahu and Ketu, whose became his enemies in the incident of the churning of the ocean of milk.

His virtues are extolled in the hymn of Aditya Hridayam. In this hymn he is praised as the lord of the universe, one from whom all blessings originate.

From the Aditya Hridayam

In truth he is the same as Brahma as well as Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda and Prajapati
The same as Indra, Kubera, Kala, Yama, Soma, and Varuna
He is the Pitris, the Vasus, the Sadyhas, the Ashwins, the Maruts and Manu.
He is the wind, the fire and the life-breath, the creator of seasons and the source of light.


Last Modified At: Sat Nov 6 16:58:25 2004